About the State


Kaduna State

Lord Frederick Lugard, the Governor-General (1914-1919) of Nigeria, moved the Northern Region's capital from Zungeru to Kaduna. In 1967, Kaduna became the North Central State's capital, created from the Northern region. By 1976, General Murtala Mohammed gave the state its name. In 1987, the military administration of General Ibrahim Babangida created the state of Katsina from Kaduna. Interestingly, the Nok tribe, one of Africa's earliest civilizations, is located within the area that makes up Kaduna. The state slogan is The Centre of Learning because it is home to several prestigious institutions. The Nigerian Defense Academy (NDA), Ahmadu Bello University (ABU), Nigerian College of Aviation, Barewa College and Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, to name but a few. From the colonial era to the contemporary period, Kaduna has maintained a reputation as a state with a huge pull factor. Numerous tribes around Nigeria have settled in Kaduna and called it their home for years. Till today, the state continues to be a hub for cosmopolitism. In contrast, its influence and development have lagged from its distinguished position as the norths base's power to a static state. It still has the potential to elevate its status in Nigeria and around the world. Many would argue that's Kaduna's destiny.


Kaduna State is in the north-central part of Nigeria and shares a common border with Kano, Katsina and Zamfara to the north, Bauchi and Plateau to the east and Nasarawa to the south. Niger to the west and the Federal Capital Territory – Abuja to the south-west. It is the fourth largest and third most populous state in Nigeria, with 46,053 km2 and 9.48m residents. The population in Kaduna State is young, with 85% of its inhabitants under 35 Years.

Kaduna is a multi-religious and multi-cultural State with over 60 ethnic groups that populate the state. The capital - Kaduna, Zaria and Kafanchan are the main urban areas. Kaduna State is a significant economic hub in the region, a trade centre and a transportation axis to nearby agricultural areas and states.
Kaduna State is an industrial centre of Northern Nigeria, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminium, petroleum products and bearings. Pottery from Kaduna is highly prized.
Kaduna State is endowed with mineral resources such as clay, nickel, tourmaline, serpentine, asbestos, amethyst and gold. The climate in Kaduna is tropical with dry and wet seasons with an average annual temperature of 250C.

Additionally, it is blessed with arable land and a variety of crops. Kaduna State is the number one producer of maize and ginger and second in soybeans.
There is a large racecourse, approximately 1.6 kilometres round, inside which the Ahmadu Yakubu Polo Club is situated. Kaduna has a train station - Rigasa Train Station, and two airports, the Kaduna International Airport and an Air Force Base.
The state's tourist attractions are endless and include the ancient Nok Culture site at Kwoi, Jaba LGA, the Matsirga Water Falls in Kafanchan, Kajuru Castle and the Fifth Chukker Polo & Country Club within Kangimi Resorts in Igabi LGA. Other points of interest are Kagoro Hills, Kaduna National Museum and Monument and Arewa House.


The North Central State with Kaduna as its capital Kaduna had two military governors, Abba Kyari (1967 – 1975) and Usman Jibirin (1975 – 1977). Since the inception of the state as Kaduna in 1976, it has had nine military governors and seven civilian governors.

Group Captain Mukhtar Muhammad was the military Governor of Kaduna from 1977 – 1978. Group Captain Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa, who held the position from 1978 – 1979, In 1979, the second republic began under a civilian government led by President Shehu Shagari, who replaced Group Captain Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa. Alhaji Balarabe Musa was elected as the first civilian Governor of the state under the People's Redemption Party (PRP). He served from 1979 to 1981, when the Kaduna State House of Assembly controversially impeached him. His deputy, Abba Musa Rimi, who completed the tenure till 1983, succeeded him.

In 1983, Lawal Kaita was elected as the Governor of Kaduna under the National Party of Nigeria (NPN). However, another military coup took power from civilian authority once again. The new military regime of General Muhammadu Buhari appointed Air Vice Marshall Usman Muazu as the Military Governor of Kaduna. He served from 1984 – 1985. Two years later, another coup led by General Ibrahim Babangida appointed Colonel Dangiwa Umar as the Military Governor of Kaduna from 1985 to 1988. Abdullahi Sarki Mukhtar replaced Colonel Dangiwa Umar and ran the state from 1988 to 1990.

The last Military Governor appointed by General Ibrahim Babangida regime was Abubakar Tanko Ayuba. He ran Kaduna from 1990 to 1992 and handed over power to a civilian elected governor in the ill-fated and short-lived Third Republic. Mohammed Dabo Lere became the third elected civilian Governor of Kaduna. He emerged victorious from the 1992 elections under the platform of the National Republican Convention (NRC). His rule was short-lived due to the last military coup in Nigeria's political history, engineered and led by General Sani Abacha. As a result, Colonel Lawal Jafaru Isa was appointed as the seventh military Governor of Kaduna. He ruled the state from 1993 to 1996.

General Sani Abacha appointed Colonel Hamid Ali as the eight Military Governor. The current Director-General of Nigerian Customs ran Kaduna from 1996 to 1998. General Sani Abacha's sudden death and the emergence of General Abdulsalam Abubakar as the Head of State led to Umar Faruk Ahmed's appointment as the Military Governor of Kaduna in August 1998. He served until 1999 and handed over to a civilian Governor after the end of the transitional regime.

The Fourth republic began in 1999 and has continued to endure. Ahmed Mohammed Makarfi of the People's Democratic Party (PDP) emerged victorious in the 1999 gubernatorial elections. After serving two consecutive terms of four years, Makarfi was succeeded by Architect Namadi Sambo, who ran the state from 2007 to 2010. After the death of President Umaru Yar'adua, President Goodluck Jonathan appointed Governor Namadi Sambo as his Vice President. Thus, Patrick Ibrahim Yakowa, his deputy, took over as the Governor of Kaduna. Governor Patrick Yakowa ran for elections under the People's Democratic Party (PDP) in 2011 and won. However, he died a year later in a tragic helicopter crash which led to his deputy, Mukhtar Ramalan Yero, as Governor.

Mukhtar Ramalan Yero ran the state from 2012 to 2015. He unsuccessfully ran for re-election in 2015 but lost out to Mallam Nasir El-Rufai of the All Progressive Congress (APC). Nasir El-Rufai became the first opposition politician to govern Kaduna since the birth of the Fourth Republic. He is the incumbent Governor of the state after being sworn in for his second tenure on May 29, 2019.

27 May



Total Area


Population (2020 est.)


Local Government Areas


GDP (2019) 


IGR (2020)

No. 1

In Doing Business
World Bank, (2018) Doing Business in Nigeria

Past Governors

Nasir Ahmed El-Rufai

2015 - date

Mukhtar Ramalan Yero

2012 - 2015

Patrick Yakowa

May 2010 - Dec 2012

Muhammad Namadi Sambo

2007 - 2010

Mohammed Ahmed Makarafi

May 1999 - May 2007

Umar Farouk Ahmed

Aug 1998 - May 1999

Hamid Ibrahim Ali

Aug 1996 - aug 1998

Lawal Jafar Isa

1993 - 1996

Mohammed Dabo Lere

Jan 1992 - Nov 1993

Abubakar Tanko Ayuba

1990 - 1992

Abdullahi Sarki Mukhtar

1988 - 1990

Abubakar Dangiwa Umar

1985 - 1988

Usman Muazu

1984 - 1985

Lawal Kaita

Oct 1983 - Dec 1983

Abba Musa Rimi

Jul 1981 - Oct 1983

Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa

Oct 1979 - Jun 1981

Ibrahim Mahmud Alfa

1978 - 1979

Muktar Muhammed

1977 - 1978

Usman Jibrin

1975 - 1977

Abba Kyari

May 1967 - Jul 1975

Hassan Usman Katsina

1966 - 1967

Kashim Ibrahim

1962 - 1966

Sir Gawain Bell

1957 - 1962

Bryan Sharwood-Smith

1952 - 1957

Sir Eric Westbury Thompstone

1951 - 1952

Sir John Patterson

1943 - 1947

Theodore Samuel Adams

1937 - 1943

George Sinclair Browne

1933 - 1936

Cyril Wilson Alexander

1930 - 1932

Herbert Richmond Palmer

1925 - 1930

William Gowers

1921 - 1925

Herbert Symonds Goldsmith

1917 - 1921

Charles Temple

1914 - 1917

Hesketh Bell

1909 - 1912

Percy Girouard

1907 - 1909

Sir Frederick Lugard

1912 - 1914

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