Kaduna is located in the North-west geo political zone of Nigeria. The capital city of the state is Kaduna. Kaduna city along with Zaria and Kafanchan are the main urban areas of the state. It is on the Kaduna River and has a total area of 1,190 sq mi (3,080 km2) and its coordinates are 10°31’23’N’7°26’25’’E. Over 60 ethnic groups namely, the Gbayi, Hausa, Fulani, Gwong, Atuku, Bajju, Atyab, Gure and Ninkyop among others populate the state. It is a major economic hub in the region, a trade centre and transportation axis to nearby agricultural areas and states.
Kaduna is an industrial center of Northern Nigeria, manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel, aluminum, petroleum products and bearings. Pottery is highly prized from Kaduna, especially from the Nok culture. It has a large market, recently rebuilt after an extensive fire in the mid-1990s. It is endowed with mineral resources such as clay, serpentine, asbestos, amethyst and gold. Additionally, it has been blessed with fertile land and a variety of crops.
There is a large racecourse, approximately 1.6 kilometres round, inside which the Ahmadu Yakubu Polo Club and Kaduna Crocodile Club are situated, whilst the Kaduna and Rugby Clubs are on the periphery. Kaduna has two airports, the Kaduna Airport and an airport in the Air Force Base.
The tourist attractions in the state are endless and include the Nok Culture Safe at Kuwi, the Maitsirga Water Falls in Kafanchan, as well as the unexplored Kajuru Castle. According to the National Population Commission, the 2006 census puts the population of the state at 6, 113, 503 people. Additionally, the Housing Census of the same year stated that Kaduna is made of 3, 090, 438 males and 3, 023, 065 females. The National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) put the annual population growth rate at 2.47%.